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Фразовый глагол недели: to make up

Значения: 1) быть частью, составлять; составлять в итоге

Синонимы: to constitute, to compose, to put together, to construct

Пример: Imagination and fiction make up more than three quarters of our real life. (Simone Weil) USA Today has come out with a new survey - apparently, three out of every four people make up 75% of the population. (David Letterman)

2) подготовить, составить, выписать (список, справку), убрать (комнату), застелить (постель)

Синонимы: to plan, to arrange, to organize; to draw up, to map out, to think ahead; to fix, to finalize, to orchestrate

Пример: Let’s make up an IT Girl's kit list of essentials. (Marie Claire)

3) пользоваться косметикой, краситься, гримироваться

Пример: Beauty is about perception, not about make-up. I think the beginning of all beauty is knowing and liking oneself. You can't make up, or dress yourself, or do you hair with any sort of fun or joy if you're doing it from a position of correction. (Kevyn Aucoin)

4) (for smth) возмещать; компенсировать; наверстывать; восполнять

Синонимы: to compensate, to recompense, to offset, to repair

Пример: I always arrive late at the office, but I make up for it by leaving early. (Charles Lamb)

5) придумывать; выдумывать; сочинять (story, excuse, explanation)

Синонимы: to devise (as a fiction or falsehood); to invent; to improvise

Пример: Many children make up, or begin to make up, imaginary languages. I have been at it since I could write. (J. R. R. Tolkien)

You can't make up anything anymore. The world itself is a satire. All you're doing is recording it. (Art Buchwald)

I’m an inveterate procrastinator. Instead of actually finishing the project I entertain myself making up excuses as to why I haven't yet finished it. (Christopher Nolan)

6) помирить(ся), примирить(ся) после ссоры

Синонимы: to become reconciled (with smb), to patch things up

Пример: All we do is make up, then break up.

В этом значении фразовый глагол “to make up” встречается в хите начала 2000-ых годов “Breathe” певицы Blu Cantrell.

7) (to smb) льстить (кому-либо), подлизываться (к кому-либо), заискивать (перед кем-либо), подхалимничать (перед кем-либо)

Синонимы: to flatter, to gratify, to insinuate, to wheedle, to curry favour (with smb)

Пример: He is always up and ready to make up to important people.

8) (one’s mind) решиться

Синонимы: to decide, to resolve, to determine, to settle

Пример: Most folks are as happy as they make up their minds to be. (Abraham Lincoln)

Проверьте себя:

Justin's really good at making up stories. He could be

  1. a builder.
  2. a make-up artist.
  3. a script writer.

Правильный ответ на нашу предыдущую «проверку» - вариант C.

Английский фразовый глагол make up

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